memory of a great man, not

Beethoven dedicated his 3rd symphony to Napoleon because Napoleon was associated with the French Revolution which Beethoven believed to be about radical hope, about altering the previous power structures. But upon hearing Napoleon ordained himself Emperor, Beethoven changed the dedication to “In Memory of a Great Man”. Since Napoleon decided he should be known as a king, Beethoven concluded the man he admired was dead. Like 200 years before the Sex Pistols wrote EMI.

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